FAVORSKY Vladimir Andreyevich

1886 1964

Russian and Soviet painter, graphic and monumental artist, outstanding maestro of prints and book-design art, art theoretician.

He was the son of a lawyer, descendant of a clergyman, and watercolourist S. O. Sherwood, the famous architects daughter. He studied at Constantine Yuons private studio (Ivan Dudins class), attended evening sculpture classes with the Stroganov School (19031905) as well as Hollosys private academy in Munich (1906-1907). Favorsky studied history of art at the Munich (19051907) and Moscow Universities (19071913). He travelled in France, Italy and Switzerland. In 1907, he took up xylography and tonal engraving. He exhibited his works for the first time at the 17th exhibition of the Moscow Union of Artists in 1910. From 1922 to 1928, Favorsky was a member of the Chetyre iskusstva [Four Arts] group.

In 1932-1933, he started to work regularly for the theatres and made stage sets for many productions at the MKHAT [The Moscow Art Theatre], Teatr imeny MOSPS [The Theatre of the Moscow City Trade Union Council] and the Vakhtangov Theatre, among others. Favorskys pieces are mainly made in the technique of tonal engraving. Book-related work (design and illustrations) played an important role in his art. The artist developed a distinctive theory of book design (The Theory of Composition, The Theory of Graphics and The Theory of the Book) which views the book as a holistic esthetic organism, an instrument for reading where its decorative component is inseparably blended with its function and its logic comes through the proportions of its broadside, cross-cutting rhythms, composition and the placement of illustrations, ornaments and headpieces.

While on evacuation in Samarkand (1941 - 1943), he worked in linocuts starting a large Samarkandskaya Seriya [Samarkand Series] which he completed in Moscow after the war. His linoleum engraving experiments proved to be as successful as those in xylography. Favorsky did a lot of teaching during his entire lifetime: at the VHUTEMAS - VHUTEIN [the Higher Art and Technical Studios/the Higher Art and Technical Institute], he headed the xylography chair at the Graphics Department (19201930), was professor of the Institute of Graphic Arts (19301934), and professor of the Ceramics chair with the Moscow Applied and Decorative Arts Institute (19411948).

Not only did he teach several generations of Soviet graphic artists, but he also created a school of his own. Among his engraving students were Andrei Goncharov, Georgy Yecheistov, Dmitry Konstantinov, Gennady Kravtsov, Michail Pikov, Olga Amosova- Bunak, Fyodor SemenovAmursky, Evgeny Golyakhovsky, A. Mirolyubova, Lidia Zholtkevich, Illarion Golitsin and many others.

 

Prints

All artist`s prints

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